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Bran City
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Bran City PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 20 July 2011 07:19

BRAN CITY

Bran is a commune in Braşov County, Romania. It lies 30 km from the city of Braşov. Medieval Bran Castle, which was once besieged by Wallachian voivod Vlad III, is a popular tourist destination as it is purported setting for Count Dracula, in Bram Stoker's Dracula".

 

History

The Teutonic Order began construction of a wooden fort known as Dietrichstein in the early 13th century. After the fort's destruction in 1242 by Mongols, King Sigismund of Hungary ordered the construction of a stone castle in 1377, while the settlement of Bran began to develop nearby. Positioned high atop a steep cliff, the castle guarded a strategic trade route between Transylvania and Wallachia. In 1498, Bran fell under the jurisdiction of Braşov.

After the Kingdom of Hungary was defeated by the Ottoman Empire, Bran became part of the Principality of Transylvania during the 16th century, and eventually passed to the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria. The commune became part of the Austrian Empire in 1804 and the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1866. It was added to the Kingdom of Romania following World War I.

Bran Castle is one of Romania's most popular visitor sites, made famous in modern times when Queen Marie restored it after receiving it from the residents of Braşov County in the 1920s. The castle is open to tourists, who can view the inside alone or as part of a guided tour. Outside the castle are examples of traditional Romanian farm houses and peasant homes.

 

Despite it's fame, Bran Castle is considered only an object of local not national or interntional interest. Many residents complain that Bran, despite it's popularity has an infastructure that more resembles a village in Africa then a European hamlet.

Many residents do not having running water, roads to private houses are often blocked with no passage for pedestrians, and electricity is not stable.

Sursa: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bran,_Romania

 

Round Table No 11 Brasov